Results of using the cystic duct for reconstruction of one of the multiple bile ducts in right lobe living donor liver transplantation
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CitationÖzçelik, Ü., Eren, E., Tokaç, M., Şahin, T., Parlak, H., & Dinçkan, A. (2021, July). Results of Using the Cystic Duct for Reconstruction of One of the Multiple Bile Ducts in Right Lobe Living Donor Liver Transplantation. In Transplantation Proceedings. Elsevier.
Abstract Background: In right-lobe liver grafts, variations in the biliary tree anatomy can result in multiple bile duct orifices. We present our experience of 10 patients in which biliary reconstruction was performed with the cystic duct for 1 of the anastomoses with 2 separated ducts. Also, we investigated whether the bile duct anastomosis technique, number of bile duct anastomoses, and use of biliary stents affect the rate of biliary complications. Methods: We evaluated patients who underwent right-lobe living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) at İstinye University Hospital and İstanbul Aydın University Hospital between December 2017 and June 2020. The patients were divided into 4 groups: duct-to-duct (D-D), duct-to-sheath, double duct-to-duct, and duct-to-duct plus cystic duct-to-duct. Biliary complication rates were compared among these 4 groups, between single- and double-duct groups, and between stent (+) and stent (−) groups. Results: Ninety-three patients who underwent right-lobe LDLT (60 men, 33 women) with a mean age of 51 ± 13 years were included. Mean follow-up time was 18.5 ± 8.3 months. The overall biliary complication rate was 17.2% for all patients, 12.1% for the D-D (single-duct) group (33 patients), 16.1% for the duct-to-sheath group (31 patients), 26.3% for the double duct-to-duct group (19 patients), 20% for the duct-to-duct plus cystic duct-to-duct group (10 patients), 20% for the double-duct group (60 patients), 14.5% for the stent (+) group (69 patients), and 25% for the stent (−) group (24 patients). There were no significant differences among these groups in terms of biliary complication rates. Bile stricture occurred in only 1 cystic duct anastomosis (10%), and no bile leakage was observed. Conclusions: Multiple D-D biliary reconstruction using the cystic duct with external drainage tubes is feasible and safe for LDLT.