Aberrant activation-induced cytidine deaminase gene expression links BCR/ABL1-negative classical myeloproliferative neoplasms
Daglar Aday, Aynur
Akadam Teker, Aysegul Basak
Gelmez, Metin Yusuf
Yavuz, Akif Selim
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CitationDERMENCİ H,ADAY A. D,TEKER A. B. A,HANÇER V,GELMEZ M. Y,NALÇACI M,YAVUZ A. S (2022). Aberrant Activation-Induced Cytidine Deaminase Gene Expression Links BCR/ABL1-Negative Classical Myeloproliferative Neoplasms. Haseki Tıp Bülteni, 60(3), 228 - 233. Doi: 10.4274/haseki.galenos.2022.8133
Aim: Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) has been associated with tumor initiation and development because of its ability to generate DNA damage and somatic mutations that cause genomic instability. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between AID expression levels and the risk of developing BCR/ABL1-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) by comparing the AID expression levels of the patients and controls. Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 117 cases (64 essential thrombocythemia, 23 primary myelofibrosis, and 30 polycythemia vera) with MPNs and 69 healthy controls. The JAK2 V617F somatic mutation analysis was performed using a real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The relative expression levels of AID in the patient and the control groups were analyzed using quantitative RT-PCR and the 2-ΔΔCT method. Results: AID expression levels were significantly higher in the patient group compared to the control group (p<0.001). AID expression levels were higher in patients with the JAK2 V617F mutation compared to patients without the mutation, but the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: The results of our study suggest that although overexpression of AID does not seem to support the JAK2 driver gene, it may contribute to the development of MPNs through other mechanisms.