A study on glycyrrhiza glabra-fortified bread: Predicted glycemic index and bioactive component
Saravana Kumar, M.
Jijina, G. O.
Varuvel, Edwin Geo
Haiter Lenin, A.
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CitationPrabhahar, M., Gomathi, K., Prakash, S., Sendilvelan, S., Saravana Kumar, M., Jijina, G. O., Varuvel, E. G., Haiter Lenin, A. (2022). A study on glycyrrhiza glabra-fortified bread: Predicted glycemic index and bioactive component. Bionorganic Chemistry and Applications, 2022.
Bread is one of the highest-selling food products throughout the world. Lots of demand arose from the bread producers by the consumers to convert the traditional bread into functional food. In this study, normal bread was converted to functional herbal bread by infusing it with extracts of Glycyrrhiza glabra. The functional components of the Glycyrrhiza glabra were analyzed by liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy (LCMS). The antioxidant study revealed that the extract has high antioxidant potency. The present study also investigated the antidiabetic potency of the extract. Bread is fortified with various percentages of Glycyrrhiza glabra, such as 2, 4, and 6. The fortified bread was analyzed for various sensory and taste parameters. Biochemical assays such as the in vitro digestibility test and glycaemic index suggest that fortified bread reduces the glycaemic index. From the study, it was inferred that 6% of infused bread was found to have high potency as a functional food when compared to 2 and 4%. From the above study, it was suggested that fortified bread reduces the glycaemic index and is best suited for diabetic people and diet watchers.