The anticancer potential of chlorine dioxide in small-cell lung cancer cells
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KünyeYıldız, S. Z., Bilir, C., Eskiler, G. G., & Bilir, F. (2022). The Anticancer Potential of Chlorine Dioxide in Small-Cell Lung Cancer Cells. Cureus, 14(10).
Background Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) is an effective disinfectant consisting of oxygen, chloride, and potassium. Because of its high oxidative capacity, ClO2 exerts antimicrobial, antiviral, and antifungal effects. However, its anticancer effects remain to be elucidated. Methodology The anticancer activity of ClO2 was assessed on DMS114 small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) as control by WST-1, Annexin V, cell cycle analysis, and acridine orange staining. We for the first time investigated the possible therapeutic effects of long-term stabilized ClO2 solution (LTSCD). Results Our preliminary findings showed that LTSCD significantly inhibited the proliferation of SCLC cells (p < 0.01) with less toxicity in HUVEC cells. Additionally, LTSCD induced apoptotic cell death in SCLC cells through nuclear blehhing and vacuolar formation. However, LTSCD treatment did not induce cell cycle arrest in both cell lines. Conclusions LTSCD can be a therapeutic potential for the treatment of SCLC. However, further investigations are required to assess the LTSCD-induced cell death in SCLC both in vitro and in vivo.