Comparative proteomics analysis of four commonly used methods for identification of novel plasma membrane proteins
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KünyeYoneten, K. K., Kasap, M., Akpinar, G., Kanli, A., & Karaoz, E. (2019). Comparative Proteomics Analysis of Four Commonly Used Methods for Identification of Novel Plasma Membrane Proteins. The Journal of membrane biology, 252(6), 587-608.
Plasma membrane proteins perform a variety of important tasks in the cells. These tasks can be diverse as carrying nutrients across the plasma membrane, receiving chemical signals from outside the cell, translating them into intracellular action, and anchoring the cell in a particular location. When these crucial roles of plasma membrane proteins are considered, the need for their characterization becomes inevitable. Certain characteristics of plasma membrane proteins such as hydrophobicity, low solubility, and low abundance limit their detection by proteomic analyses. Here, we presented a comparative proteomics study in which the most commonly used plasma membrane protein enrichment methods were evaluated. The methods that were utilized include biotinylation, selective CyDye labeling, temperature-dependent phase partition, and density-gradient ultracentrifugation. Western blot analysis was performed to assess the level of plasma membrane protein enrichment using plasma membrane and cytoplasmic protein markers. Quantitative evaluation of the level of enrichment was performed by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and benzyldimethyl-n-hexadecylammonium chloride/sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (16-BAC/SDS-PAGE) from which the protein spots were cut and identified. Results from this study demonstrated that density-gradient ultracentrifugation method was superior when coupled with 16-BAC/SDS-PAGE. This work presents a valuable contribution and provides a future direction to the membrane sub-proteome research by evaluating commonly used methods for plasma membrane protein enrichment.