Synthesis, characterization, and DFT study of novel metallo phtalocyanines with four carboranyl clusters as photosensitisers for the photodynamic therapy of breast cancer cells
Bayrac, A. Tahir
Sener, B. Bilgenur
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CitationSener, S., Bayrac, A. T., Sener, B. B., Tozlu, C., Acar, N., Salih, B., … Bekaroglu, O. (2019). Synthesis, characterization, and DFT study of novel metallo phtalocyanines with four carboranyl clusters as photosensitisers for the photodynamic therapy of breast cancer cells. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES, 129, 124–131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2018.12.017
The synthesis and characterization of novel Zn(II) and Co(II) phthalocyanines 4 and 5, respectively containing four o-carboranyl units (40 boron atoms, 32.5% boron by weight) at the peripheral positions are described. The phthalocyanines (Pcs) were synthesized by cyclotetramerization of the previously prepared precursor 4-(2-thiol-o-carboranyl)thiolato-phthalonitrile 3 with the presence of metal salt in boiling dry DMF under a dry nitrogen atmosphere. They were characterized by elemental analysis, UV-Vis, FT-IR, MALDI-TOF mass and H-1 NMR spectrometry. To elucidate the structural, spectroscopic and bonding properties of the obtained compounds, calculations with DFT/TD-DFT(Density Functional Theory/Time Dependent-Density Functional Theory) were performed. The cytotoxic effects of 4 and 5 on cancer cells and epithelial cells were determined. The targeted cytotoxicities of both compounds against cancer cells were analyzed with the cell viability test. Although, 4 caused less PDT (Photodynamic therapy) based decrease in cell viability of cancer cell line in comparison to 5, it showed comparatively high cytotoxicity against cancer cells but not epithelial cells. The IC50 (half maximal inhibitory concentration) values indicate that 4 with PDT shows 17.3 fold more cytotoxicity to breast cancer cells than epithelial cells. The selectivity in cytotoxicity of 4 makes it a good candidate for cancer treatment. Interestingly, 5 was found to be highly cytotoxic for both cancer and epithelial cell lines. Considerably, 5 might be used as a cancer drug when combined with targeting agents such as antibodies and aptamers.