Expression of survivin and its splice variants in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Karabulut, Halil Gurhan
Cakmakli, Hasan Fatih
Adakli Aksoy, Basak
Kose, Serdar Kenan
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CitationEren-Keles, E., Karabulut, H. G., Cakmakli, H. F., Adakli, B., Kose, S. K., Ugur-Dincaslan, H., … Tukun, A. (2018). Expression of Survivin and Its Splice Variants in Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. GENETIC TESTING AND MOLECULAR BIOMARKERS, 22(12), 680–685. https://doi.org/10.1089/gtmb.2018.0152
Aims: Survivin is involved in the inhibition of apoptosis and the regulation of cell division. In addition to wild-type survivin (survivin-wt), at least four splice variants with differential functions (Delta Ex3 and 3B antiapoptotic, and 2 alpha and 2B proapoptotic) have been identified. Survivin is highly expressed in several cancers, including hematological malignancies. Although acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most frequent malignancy in children, studies that investigated survivin expression in ALL are limited, and there is no study on 3B and 2 alpha expression in ALL. Therefore the expression of survivin-wt and its splice variants was investigated in pediatric B-cell ALL patients. Materials and Methods: The expression of survivin-wt and its four splice variants was investigated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in archival RNA samples of 35 pediatric B-cell ALL patients. Patients were divided into high- and standard-risk groups according to age, white blood cell count, extramedullary involvement, and genetic risk factors; expression of survivin variants was compared between these two risk groups. Results: We found that the ratio of survivin-Delta Ex3/wild type (WT) expression was higher in the low-risk group than in the high-risk group. Conclusion: Comparative analysis between the high- and low-risk B-cell ALL groups indicated that survivin-Delta Ex3/WT expression ratio could potentially be used in risk classification for pediatric B-cell ALL.