Evaluation of the quality of life of patients followed up with diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus
MetadataShow full item record
CitationDuras, E., Bezen, D., Ozkaya, O., & Dursun, H. (2018). Evaluation of the Quality of Life of Patients Followed up with Diagnosis of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. GUNCEL PEDIATRI-JOURNAL OF CURRENT PEDIATRICS, 16(2), 72–85.
INTRODUCTION: Quality of life level is very important in chronic diseases. We aimed to determine the quality of life level in children and adolescents diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus and to conduct a comparative study with healthy peers. We also evaluated the relationship between the results and socio-demographic characteristics of the children and their families. METHODS: Forty-five children aged between 4-16 who were followed-up with the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus and a control group of 45 healthy children who were referred to the general pediatrics outpatient clinic with the similar demographic characteristics were included in the study. Sociodemographic form and the Quality of Life for Children Scale (KINDL) had been applied to all children. We also recorded the background data like diagnosis, age or any additional diseases. RESULTS: The total quality of life score was found to be 73,9 +/- 9,1 in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus, and 81,7 +/- 10,2 in the control group. Comparing the subscales of the quality of life scale, the emotional well - being, self - esteem, friend and school subscale scores of 8-12 year-old children with type 1 diabetes mellitus were statistically significantly lower than healthy group (p=0,032, p=0,041, p=0,047, p=0,029, respectively). On the other hand, there was a statistically significant difference with the scores of friend subscale in children at the age of 13-16 (p=0,043). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: The quality of life of children with type 1 diabetes mellitus was significantly lower than that of the healthy children. We believe that psychosocial support from the time of diagnosis is needed for these children to improve the level of quality of life.