Flexural Strength and Vickers Microhardness of Graphene-Doped SnO2 Thin-Film-Coated Polymethylmethacrylate after Thermocycling

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Removable dental prostheses are commonly fabricated using polymethylmethacrylate, a material that does not have favorable mechanical properties and needs reinforcement with particles such as graphene. The aim of this study was to evaluate the flexural strength (FS) and Vickers microhardness of a heat-polymerized polymethylmethacrylate coated with graphene-doped stannic oxide (SnO2) thin films using a thermionic vacuum arc method after thermocycling. Forty bar-shaped specimens (65 x 10 x 3 mm) were fabricated using a heat-polymerized denture base resin and divided into four groups according to the graphene-doped SnO2 thin film surface coating performed: No-coat (uncoated), Coat-15 s (coating duration of 15 s), Coat-20 s (coating duration of 20 s), and Coat-30 s (coating duration of 30 s) (n = 10). The thermionic vacuum arc method was used to coat both surfaces of the specimens of each test group with varying durations, and surface coating was verified using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. Specimens were subjected to 10,000 cycles of thermocycling. Atomic force microscopy was used to evaluate the surfaces of all specimens before and after thermocycling. Microhardness values were measured five times and averaged. Then, each specimen was subjected to a three-point bending test, and FS values were calculated. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Bonferroni tests (& alpha; = 0.05). Differences among test groups were nonsignificant when FS data were considered (p = 0.605). However, significant differences were observed among test groups when Vickers microhardness data were considered (p < 0.001). Coat-30 s had the highest hardness (p & LE; 0.003), while the difference among remaining groups were nonsignificant (p & GE; 0.166). Graphene-doped SnO2 thin film surface coatings did not significantly affect the FS of tested heat-polymerized denture base resin but increased the Vickers microhardness when the coating duration was 30 s.


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Graphene, Flexural Strength, Microhardness, Thermionic Vacuum



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