Efficacy of machine learning algorithms in estimating emissions in a dual fuel compression ignition engine operating on hydrogen and diesel

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Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd

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Emission created by combustion of fossil fuels are a major concern of the world for the past few decades. The stringent emission norms have impacted the automobile manufacturers to work on exhaust emissions and its impact. This research focused on using machine learning regression models to evaluate the efficacy of experimental results for a dual fuel compression ignition (CI) engine operating on hydrogen and diesel. In the present study, engine emissions were estimated using 29 regression algorithms. A total of 5 input data namely, concentration of hydrogen, engine load, diesel intake, speed and equivalence ratio were considered in the study to estimate various emissions like oxides of nitrogen (NOx), carbon dioxide (CO2), hydrocarbon (HC) and smoke. Correlation coefficient, mean absolute error, root mean squared error, relative absolute error and root relative squared error were adopted as the performance metrics in the present study. Amongst the algorithms considered, pace regression, radial basis function regressor, multilayer perceptron regressor and alternating model tree produced the highest correlation coefficient of 0.9985, 0.8958, 0.9950 and 0.9256 in estimating the engine emissions like CO2, smoke, NOx and HC respectively. Additionally, an attempt was made to establish an individual algorithm that can estimate all the emissions was identified as multilayer perceptron regressor with correlation coefficient values of 0.9977 (CO2), 0.9950 (NOx), 0.8501(smoke) and 0.8731(HC) respectively. (c) 2023 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


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Dual Fuel Engine, Hydrogen, Pace Regression, Mlp Regressor, Rbf Regressor


International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

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