Exploration of low heat rejection engine characteristics powered with carbon nanotubes-added waste plastic pyrolysis oil

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Compression ignition (CI)-powered alternative energy sources are currently the main focus due to the constantly rising worldwide demand for energy and the growing industrialization of the automotive sector. Due to their difficulty of disposal, non-degradable plastics contribute significantly to solid waste and pollution. The waste plastics were simply dropped into the sea, wasting no energy in the process. Attempts have been made to convert plastic waste into usable energy through recycling. Waste plastic oil (WPO) is produced by pyrolyzing waste plastic to produce a fuel that is comparable to diesel. Initially, a standard CI engine was utilized for testing with diesel and WPO20 (20% WPO+80% diesel). When compared to conventional fuel, the brake thermal efficiency (BTE) of WPO20 dropped by 3.2%, although smoke, carbon monoxide (CO), and hydrocarbon (HC) emissions were reasonably reduced. As a result, nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions decreased while HC and CO emissions marginally increased in subsequent studies utilizing WPO20 with the addition of 5% water. When combined with WPO20 emulsion, nanoadditives have the potential to significantly cut HC and CO emissions without impacting performance. The possibility of incorporating nanoparticles into fuel to improve performance and lower NOx emissions should also be explored. In order to reduce heat loss through the coolant, prevent heat transfer into the cylinder liner, and increase combustion efficiency, the thermal barrier coating (TBC) material is also coated inside the combustion chamber surface. In this work, low heat rejection (LHR) engines powered by emulsion WPO20 containing varying percentages of carbon nanotubes (CNT) are explored. The LHR engine was operated with a combination of 10 ppm, 20 ppm, and 30 ppm CNT mixed with WPO20. It was shown that while using 20 ppm of CNT with WPO20, smoke, hydrocarbons, and carbon monoxide emissions were reduced by 11.9%, 21.8%, and 22.7%, respectively, when compared to diesel operating in normal mode. The LHR engine achieved the greatest BTE of 31.7% as a result of the improved emulsification and vaporization induced by CNT-doped WPO20. According to the study's findings, WPO20 with 20 ppm CNT is the most promising low-polluting fuel for CI engines.


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Waste Plastic Oil, Nanoadditive, Pyrolysis Process, Low Heat Rejection Engine, Nox Reduction


Process Safety and Environmental Protection

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