Effect of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing technique on the accuracy of fixed partial denture patterns used for casting or pressing

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Elsevier Sci Ltd

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Objectives: To evaluate the effect of additive and subtractive manufacturing on the accuracy (trueness and pre-cision) of fixed partial denture patterns (FPDPs) used for casting or pressing.Materials and Methods: A 3-unit complete coverage FPD on mandibular right first premolar and first molar teeth was virtually designed. Using the design data, FPD patterns were fabricated from an additively manufactured resin (PR, ProArt Print Wax) and 2 CAD-CAM wax discs (YW, ProArt CAD Wax Yellow and BW, ProArt CAD Wax Blue) (n = 10). Each pattern was then digitized with a scanner (CEREC Primescan) and evaluated for 3D surface deviation at 4 different surfaces (overall, external, marginal, and intaglio surfaces) by using a 3D analysis software (Medit Link). Root mean square (RMS) values were automatically calculated. Data were analyzed by using Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's post hoc tests for trueness and precision (alpha= 0.05).Results: Significant differences were found among the RMS values for overall (P<.001) and each surface (P <=.040) evaluated. PR had the highest overall (P <=.011) and intaglio surface (P <=.01) deviations, while the difference between YW and BW was not significant (P >=.199). PR had the highest (P <=.027) and BW had the lowest (P <=.042) external surface mean RMS values. BW had higher mean marginal RMS value than YW (P=.047). For precision, significant differences were observed among test groups only for marginal RMS values (P=.002). PR had lower precision than BW (P=.002).Conclusions: BW and YW FPDPs mostly had higher trueness compared with PR FPDPs. However, considering relatively smaller deviations at marginal and intaglio surfaces and the fact that patterns mostly had similar precision, clinical fit of FPDs fabricated by using tested patterns may be similar.Clinical Significance: Definitive 3-unit fixed partial dentures fabricated by using tested patterns may be similar. However, FPDs fabricated with tested additively manufactured resin patterns might result in more chairside adjustments than those fabricated with tested subtractively manufactured wax patterns.


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3d-Printing, Fixed Partial Denture, Milling, Resin Pattern, Trueness


Journal of Dentistry

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