Revisiting Classical 3 beta-hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase 2 Deficiency: Lessons from 31 Pediatric Cases

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Endocrine Soc

Erişim Hakkı



Context: The clinical effects of classical 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 (3 beta HSD2) deficiency are insufficiently defined due to a limited number of published cases. Objective: To evaluate an integrated steroid metabolome and the short- and long-term clinical features of 3 beta HSD2 deficiency. Design: Multicenter, cross-sectional study. Setting: Nine tertiary pediatric endocrinology clinics across Turkey. Patients: Children with clinical diagnosis of 3 beta HSD2 deficiency. Main Outcome Measures: Clinical manifestations, genotype-phenotype-metabolomic relations. A structured questionnaire was used to evaluate the data of patients with clinical 3 beta HSD2 deficiency. Genetic analysis of HSD3B2 was performed using Sanger sequencing. Novel HSD3B2 mutations were studied in vitro. Nineteen plasma adrenal steroids were measured using LC-MS/MS. Results: Eleven homozygous HSD3B2 mutations (6 novel) were identified in 31 children (19 male/12 female; mean age: 6.6 +/- 5.1 yrs). The patients with homozygous pathogenic HSD3B2 missense variants of > 5% of wild type 3 beta HSD2 activity in vitro had a non-salt-losing clinical phenotype. Ambiguous genitalia was an invariable feature of all genetic males, whereas only 1 of 12 female patients presented with virilized genitalia. Premature pubarche was observed in 78% of patients. In adolescence, menstrual irregularities and polycystic ovaries in females and adrenal rest tumors and gonadal failure in males were observed. Conclusions: Genetically-documented 3 beta HSD2 deficiency includes salt-losing and non-salt-losing clinical phenotypes. Spared mineralocorticoid function and unvirilized genitalia in females may lead to misdiagnosis and underestimation of the frequency of 3 beta HSD2 deficiency. High baseline 17OHPreg to cortisol ratio and low 11-oxyandrogen concentrations by LC-MS/MS unequivocally identifies patients with 3 beta HSD2 deficiency.


Turan, Serap/0000-0002-5172-5402; GURAN, TULAY/0000-0003-2658-6866
Akcay, Teoman (isu author)

Anahtar Kelimeler

3 Beta Hsd2 Deficiency, Cah, Hsd3b2, Adrenal Insufficiency, Children


Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

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Guran, T., Kara, C., Yildiz, M., Bitkin, E. C., Haklar, G., Lin, J.-C., … Bereket, A. (2020). Revisiting Classical 3 beta-hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase 2 Deficiency: Lessons from 31 Pediatric Cases. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM, 105(4).