Increased levels of nerve growth factor accompany oxidative load in recurrent pregnancy loss. machine learning applied to FT-raman spectra study


The presented article is focused on developing and validating an efficient, credible, minimally invasive technique based on spectral signatures of blood serum samples in patients with diagnosed recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) versus healthy individuals who were followed at the Gynecology department. A total of 120 participants, RPL disease (n = 60) and healthy individuals (n = 60), participated in the study. First, we investigated the effect of circulating nerve growth factor (NGF) in RPL and healthy groups. To show NGF's effect, we measured the level of oxidative loads such as Total Antioxidant Level (TAS), Total Oxidant Level (TOS), and Oxidative Stress Index (OSI) with Beckman Coulter AU system and biochemical assays. We find a correlation between oxidative load and NGF level. Oxidative load mainly causes structural changes in the blood. Therefore, we obtained Raman measurements of the participant's serum. Then we selected two Raman regions, 800 and 1800 cm(-1), and between 2700 cm(-1) and 3000 cm(-1), to see chemical changes. We noted that Raman spectra obtained for RPL and healthy women differed. The findings confirm that the imbalance between reactive oxygen species and antioxidants has important implications for the pathogenesis of RPL and that NGF levels accompany the level of oxidative load in the RPL state. Biomolecular structure and composition were determined using Raman spectroscopy and machine learning methods, and the correlation of these parameters was studied alongside machine learning technologies to advance toward clinical translation. Here we determined and validated the development of instrumentation for the Analysis of RPL patients' serum that can differentiate from control individuals with an accuracy of 100% using the Raman region corresponding to structural changes. Furthermore, this study found a correlation between traditional biochemical parameters and Raman data. This suggests that Raman spectroscopy is a sensitive tool for detecting biochemical changes in serum caused by RPL or other diseases.


Anahtar Kelimeler

Recurrent Pregnancy Loss, Nerve Growth Factor, Oxidative Stress Index, Raman Spectroscopy, Machine Learning


Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering

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Depciuch, J., Jakubczyk, P., Paja, W., Pancerz, K., Wosiak, A., Bahat, P. Y., ... & Guleken, Z. (2023). Increased levels of nerve growth factor accompany oxidative load in recurrent pregnancy loss. Machine learning applied to FT-Raman spectra study. Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, 599-609.